Bronchial asthma

Asthma bronchial asthma is an allergic disease, which from time to time manifests itself in the form of asthma attacks (from the Greek word asthma, which is translated as suffocation).

Bronchial asthma is a polyetiological disease. The appearance of this disease involves not only external factors (exogenous allergens), but also a number of internal factors (endogenous allergens, which, as a rule, are activated due to respiratory tract infection).

Given the above, noninfectious-allergic asthma (also called atopic) and infectious-allergic asthma can be distinguished.

Asthma attacks can be associated with a wide variety of smells. These include smells of herbs, flowers, perfumes, feather pillows, feather beds, gasoline and mold in rooms with high moisture content.

Bronchial asthma leads to a narrowing of the bronchi (right)

Also, allergens are clothing, carpet dust, ursol paint (hence ursol asthma, often in people working with fur products), asbestos dust, many foods (eggs, crabs, crayfish, strawberries, etc.), as well as various medications.

Sometimes the reflex mechanism of activating asthma does not arise because of a specific allergen, but only from one thought about the place or allergen that has affected the patient in the past. For example, an attack is activated when a patient is in a particular place, such as a room or that part of the street where an asthma attack has first occurred to him.

Similarly, even the memory of such a place can cause asthma. Sometimes a person sees some allergen on TV and has an allergic attack.

Among the endogenous allergens that cause asthma attacks, it is necessary to isolate the antigens of microbes, which are formed during certain inflammatory processes in the body. These processes include sinusitis, chronic bronchitis and pneumonia, as well as other diseases.

Also, as an allergen, there can be decomposition products of microbes and some tissue proteins, which are formed in those inflamed zones, where proteolytic processes take place.

  1. Respiratory system: complaints