Bronchial respiration in pathology

With the activation of the pathological process in the lungs in the area above the chest, together with vesicular respiration, or individually from it, one can fix bronchial respiration. This type of breathing is referred to differently than pathological bronchial respiration.

This type of breathing can be detected directly on the surface of the chest wall only when a number of conditions coincide. The key condition is to seal the lung tissue.

This compaction may be caused by the filling of the alveoli of the lung with inflammatory exudate (which is characteristic of such diseases as, for example, croupous pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.) or filling with blood (in cases of pulmonary infarction).

Also, this can happen when an alveoli is squeezed, when a certain amount of fluid or air accumulates in the pleural cavity, not to mention shifting the lung to its root (cases of compression atelectasis).

In the situations described, the oscillatory movements of the alveolar walls of the lung are not fixed. At the same time, airless lung tissue, which becomes more dense, turns into an ideal conductor of sound waves, caused by laryngotracheal respiration, directly onto the surface of the chest wall.

Cases of compaction of the lung are also fixed when replacing the air lung tissue with connective tissue. This may be due to diseases like

pneumosclerosis or carnification of the lobe of the lung, which occurs as a result of croupous pneumonia caused by the development of an inflammatory process in the lung area of ​​connective tissue.

Also, the cause may be other chronic processes in the body.

Other interesting articles on this topic:

  1. Bronchial respiration
  2. Syndrome focal seal lung tissue
  3. Vesicular breathing
  4. Amphora breath
  5. Respiratory failure: external respiration