Types of breathing

Type of breathing can be chest, abdominal or mixed.

Thoracic type of breathing. Chest movements during breathing are realized mainly due to contraction of the intercostal muscles. With the act of breathing, the chest during inhalation expands significantly and rises slightly. At the same time, during exhalation, it becomes narrower and drops slightly. This type of breathing is known as costal breathing. It is characteristic mainly for women.

Abdominal breathing. Respiratory movements are realized due to the work of the diaphragm. At the inspiratory stage, the diaphragm contracts and falls, due to which negative pressure is created in the thoracic plane and the lungs are quickly filled with air. At the same time, due to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, the abdominal wall moves forward. In turn, when you exhale, the diaphragm relaxes and rises. In this case, the abdominal wall is shifted to the base position. This type of breathing is called diaphragmatic, it is typical for men.

Types of breathing.

and - chest; b - abdominal (diaphragmatic).

Types of breathing

Mixed breathing. Respiratory movements are carried out simultaneously as a result of contraction of the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm. This kind of phenomenon is sometimes observed in older people or in the presence of a number of pathologies in the work of the respiratory apparatus and abdominal organs. For example, when women experience dry pleurisy, pleural adhesions, myositis, or thoracic radiculitis, then due to a decrease in the function of contraction of intercostal muscles, breathing movements are realized with additional efforts from the diaphragm.

In addition, breathing can only be temporarily realized by reducing the diaphragm in diseases such as extensive pleural fusions, pulmonary emphysema, as well as intense chest pain due to acute inflammation of the intercostal muscles or nerves. In men, mixed breathing sometimes develops when the muscles of the diaphragm are excessively underdeveloped, as well as in the case of diaphragmatitis, acute cholecystitis, penetrating gastric or duodenal ulcers. In the latter case, breathing is sometimes possible only due to the contraction of the intercostal muscles.

And this is even more interesting:

  1. Breathing rate
  2. Breathing depth
  3. Change in vesicular respiration
  4. Increased vesicular respiration
  5. Respiratory system: palpation